The Ajara coastline is 54 km long. The following resorts and resort places are situated alongside the coast: Pichvnari, Kobuleti, Bobokvati, Chakvi, Tsikhisdziri, Mtsvane Kontskhi (Green Cape), Makhindjauri, Batumi, Gonio, Kvariati and Sarpi. Ajara, likewise the whole Georgia, is rich in natural – medicinal resources. 62 types of mineral waters can be found here: Kokotauri, Zvare,Ushamba, Merisi, Boghauri, etc.
Ajara Autonomous Republic is situated on the South-Western Black Sea littoral of Georgia. Its southern border coincides with the Turkish-Georgian frontier and goes along the Shavsheti Range; from the north it is bordered by Meskheti Range; from the east – by Arsiani Range, from the west – by the Black Sea. The area comprises 2,9 thousand sq.km that constitutes 4,2 % of the whole territory of Georgia.
The population of Ajara is 411 thousand. More than 137 thousand people live in Batumi – the administrative centre of Ajara.
Ajara comprises five administrative regions: the regions of Kobuleti, Khelvachauri, Keda, Shuakhevi and Khulo.
Ajara has hard and diverse past like whole Georgia. As a historical and geographical entity it has been known since ancient times. According to historians, this territory had to be inhabited since the Stone Age. The monuments of this age are found in the mountainous resort Beshumi. The Chorokhi basin used to be one of the main hearts of bronze metallurgy. Hence the abundance of monuments belonging to the Bronze and Early Iron Ages.
The Antique world was well-acquainted with Adjara. It used to have active cultural and trade relations with Colchis Kingdom.
Georgian chronicles first mention Ajara in the 3-rd century BC as a part of the Kartli Kingdom. It was here that Christianity was cradled in Georgia. This significant historic event is connected with Christ’s apostle Andrew the First-Called who was the first to enter Adjara and preach Christianity.
Gonio-Apsaros Fortress, located in Gonio near Batumi, is also connected with I century AD. It is called mighty Colchic citadel representing the most valuable monument of Ajarian history and an important research sphere for archeology to this day. Besides, it is here that one of the most significant Christian sanctities was found – grave of St.Mathias. It is well-known that he was elected as the twelfth apostle instead of Judas Iscariot. According to the historic sources he spent last years of his life in Ajara and was buried here.